Monday, February 17, 2014

Case Study No. 1243: Mao Zedong

Mao's "Stinking 9" Hatred
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Mao Zedong hated intellectuals and called them 'Stinking 9'.
In 1957, 'anti-rightist movement' harmed nearly 1/3 of them.

Later on, after 'sweeping all the spirit' and the proletarian
Cultural Revolution, very few intellectuals were left unhurt.

Scholars believe that Mao's hostility towad intellectuals
is related to his experience at Peking University,

as well as to his dictatorship, which does not allow
people to have own thinking and actions.

Emperor Qin was just killing intellectuals, but Mao
made of it a 'mass movement' on a nationwide scale.

The reporting, exposing, criticizing, fighting, etc.,
resulted in people feeling insecure.

From Yan'an 'rectification movement' in '42 to the Cultural
Revolution, a mass movement happened almost every year.

Why did Mao hate intellectuals so much?

Tieliu, a Sichuan writer and a right wing activists' spokesman,
believes that Mao's hostility towards intellectuals,

is related to his experience at Peking University. Tieliu said,
when Mao was a librarian, he earned 8 silver dollars a month,

but professors like Hu Shi and Li Dazhao,
earned over 400 silver dollars a month.

When he copied books, he was criticized for scratchy writing,
so he angrily left university and since then hated intellectuals.

Tieliu: "If he earned over 100 silver dollars a month,
he would not go to Jinggangshan.

If he could earn 400 silver dollars a month,
he would have taught for a lifetime at Peking University.

Maybe China would've been in a different situation.
History is full of mistakes.

Mao started hating intellectuals,
as he left Peking University in anger."

Tieliu also learned from the history expert Li Rui,
that Mao found natural sciences disgusting and hated science.

Tieliu: "In 1957, one sentence irritated him
during the anti-rightist movement then.

Lo Lung-chi said: 'A small intellectual came
to lead great intellectuals.' Mao was angered by it.

He hated science and intellectuals ever since,
and persecuted intellectuals all his life.

Mao was very overbearing and very domineering."

A renowned economist Mao Yushi believes, Mao despised
intellectuals because he felt wiser than them.

Mao Yushi: "Mao knew nothing about science, and couldn't
understand the role of modern science in human progress.

He thought his ideas were the best,
others ideas are unnecessary.
He thought as long as you could mobilize the masses,

every problem can be solved,
and there was no need of science and technology."

Historian Wang Laodi believes that Mao hated intellectuals,
also because of his dictatorship of the proletariat.

He pointed out, intellectuals with scientific training
would not obey aimlessly. They would pursue democracy

and freedom, and go against dictatorship. They'd follow
the tradition 'Everyone is responsible for the nations' safety',

concerned for the fate of the country. They like to comment
on important issues and can be critical of the politicians.

Mao Zedong perceived this as a disobedience
and did not tolerate such type of people.

Translator Luo Jinan once asked Mao a bold question,
"If Lu Xun was alive today, what will happen to him?"

Mao replied: "Lu Xun would either be in prison
and continue to write, or be silent."

After the 'victory' of the anti-rightist campaign in 1958,
Mao Zedong called himself "mix of Marx and Emperor Qin,"

and boasted to kill a hundred times more intellectuals
than Emperor Qin.

His methods of killing intellectuals
exceeded those of Emperor Qin too.

Tieliu believes, Mao buried the Chinese Han ethnic group,
and this ethnic group was completely destroyed.

If we do not criticize Mao and eliminate his influence,
the Chinese cannot move forward, is the expert' prediction.

NTD reporters Zhou Yulin, Song Feng and Xiao Yan

???? 2011 ???????

Tags: anti-rightist movement Cultural Revolution sweeping all the spirit Mao Zedong killing intellectuals hate Peking University silver dollars great renowned economist Yushi
Added: 2 years ago
From: ChinaForbiddenNews
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Mao Zedong, also transliterated as Mao Tse-tung, and commonly referred to as Chairman Mao (December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976), was a Chinese communist revolutionary, politician and socio-political theorist. The founding father of the People's Republic of China from its establishment in 1949, he governed the country as Chairman of the Communist Party of China until his death. In this position he converted China into a single-party socialist state, with industry and business being nationalized under state ownership and socialist reforms implemented in all areas of society. Politically a Marxist-Leninist, his theoretical contribution to the ideology along with his military strategies and brand of policies are collectively known as Maoism.

Born the son of a wealthy farmer in Shaoshan, Hunan, Mao adopted a Chinese nationalist and anti-imperialist outlook in early life, particularly influenced by the events of the Xinhai Revolution of 1911 and May Fourth Movement of 1919. Coming to adopt Marxism-Leninism while working at Peking University, he became an early member of the Communist Party of China (CPC), soon rising to a senior position. In 1922, the Communists agreed to an alliance with the larger Kuomintang (KMT), a nationalist revolutionary party, whom Mao aided in creating a revolutionary peasant army and organizing rural land reform. In 1927 the KMT's military leader Chiang Kai-shek broke the alliance and set about on an anti-communist purge; in turn, the CPC formed an army of peasant militia, and the two sides clashed in the Chinese Civil War. Mao was responsible for commanding a part of the CPC's Red Army, and after several setbacks, rose to power in the party by leading the Long March. When the Empire of Japan invaded China in 1937, sparking the Second Sino-Japanese War, Mao agreed to a united front with the KMT, resulting in a CPC–KMT victory in 1945. The civil war then resumed, in which Mao led the Red Army to victory as Chiang and his supporters fled to Taiwan.


Beijing, anarchism, and Marxism: 1917–19
Mao moved to Beijing, where his mentor Yang Changji had taken a job at Peking University. Yang thought Mao exceptionally "intelligent and handsome", securing him a job as assistant to the university librarian Li Dazhao, an early Chinese communist. Li authored a series of New Youth articles on the October Revolution in Russia, during which the communist Bolshevik Party under the leadership of Vladimir Lenin had seized power. Lenin was an advocate of the socio-political theory of Marxism, first developed by the German sociologists Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, and Li's articles brought an understanding of Marxism to the Chinese revolutionary movement. Becoming "more and more radical", Mao was influenced by Peter Kropotkin's anarchism but joined Li's Study Group and "developed rapidly toward Marxism" during the winter of 1919.

Paid a low wage, Mao lived in a cramped room with seven other Hunanese students, but believed that Beijing's beauty offered "vivid and living compensation". At the university, Mao was widely snubbed due to his rural accent and lowly position. By joining the university's Philosophy and Journalism Societies, he attended lectures and seminars by the likes of Chen Duxiu, Hu Shi, and Qian Xuantong. Mao's time in Beijing ended in the spring of 1919, when he traveled to Shanghai with friends departing for France, before returning to Shaoshan, where his mother was terminally ill; she died in October 1919, with her husband dying in January 1920.



Mao Tse-tung (or Mao Zedong) (1893-1976) – In 1918 Mao, the future revolutionary worked for the chief librarian at Peking University. (It is interesting to note that said librarian was also one of the pioneer Marxists of China.)



Mao Zedong: Before he led the Communist Party of China, Mao worked as a librarian's assistant at Peking University between 1918 and 1919. He needed a job, and earned only eight dollars a month carrying periodicals to the readers and organizing shelves. The future Chairman said, "My office was so low that people avoided me."

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